A third of American children and teens are overweight or obese. They are at higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, in which the body can’t make enough insulin or use what it does make to process sugar from food.
Until the obesity epidemic, doctors very rarely saw children with Type 2 diabetes. The most common type of diabetes in children is Type 1, which used to be called juvenile diabetes.
Below is a table with the ADA’s recommendations on age-specific blood sugar goal ranges. Blood glucose goals should be higher than those listed in the table for children who have frequent cases of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar levels) and don’t experience the associated signs and symptoms.
Adolescents should strive to achieve similar target ranges as adults. However, this may be difficult because of higher hormone levels, such as growth hormones, which counteract the effects of insulin
|Values by age (years)||Before Meals||Bedtime/overnight AIC|
|Toddlers and preschoolers
(under age 6)
|100-180 mg/dl||110-200 mg/dl — 7.5 to 8.5 percent|
|School age (6–12 years)||90-180 mg/dl||100-180 mg/dl — less than 8 percent|
|Adolescents and young adults (13–19 years)||90-130 mg/dl||90-150 mg/dl — less than 7.5 percent|